How to make a vegetable garden in the garden: slow food spirit

Taking care of ourselves while taking care of the planet is one of the maxims of slow food lovers. If you feel identified with this movement that bets to eat paying the maximum attention to what we eat, valuing the quality of the products and their origin, this article will interest you, since you will be able to learn basic concepts of gardening and also food. Learn how to make a vegetable garden in the garden and you will get endless benefits: you will take care of yourself inside, you will lead a more sustainable life, you will save, you will exercise and much more!

Look for the sun

You can have a vegetable garden on a large piece of land, of course, but you can also create a small vegetable garden in the garden or in spaces that you would never have considered for this task. A small corner of land in your backyard, a balcony on which to place an urban garden and even a window, can serve to make home gardens. Today, however, we will focus on how to make a vegetable garden in the home garden.

No matter where you set up your small vegetable garden, there is one thing you need: sun. You will not be able to enjoy a small vegetable garden in the garden if the place you have chosen to plant the most succulent vegetables and greens does not receive sunshine. So look for the best orientation for your vegetable garden by placing it in that space where it will receive more hours of sun.

If the space you have chosen to set up your small vegetable garden in the garden receives a lot of sun all year round, you will be able to plant food in it in any season. But if it only gets a lot of sun when the sun is at its highest, you should consider growing spring-summer produce.

How to make a vegetable garden at home in 5 steps

  1. Clean the land: remove weeds and stones, and leave the soil clean.
  2. Make terraces: leave about 30 or 40 cm between them and you will be able to walk through that space to take care of each of the small vegetable gardens.
  3. Plow the soil or remove it superficially with a rake before planting anything.
  4. Fertilize the soil: do this by adding organic fertilizer to enrich it. You can create it yourself by mixing eggshells, potato scraps, fruit scraps, etc. Throw this mixture in a corner of the garden, water it and cover it with plastic. When it has fermented, you will have a good compost for your home gardens.
  5. Think about the irrigation system. It is very wise to plant the different varieties of vegetables or vegetables that you choose according to the need of water they need, that is to say, it is better to group the plants that need more irrigation on one side and those that need less on the other. One of the most advisable systems is the micro irrigation with programmer, which makes our life easier allowing your small vegetable garden to be always hydrated.

Shall we start with the vegetable garden?

It is recommended not to plant directly in the ground but to do it previously in seedbeds or seedlings. This way, the seeds germinate more easily and it is easier to control each of the plants. When a few weeks have passed after germination, carefully remove each plant from its seedbed with all its root ball (roots) and plant it in your vegetable garden. This way, it will adapt more easily to the new soil.

And while you are planting, save some land to plant garden flowers as well, because if you want to create a vegetable garden in the garden that gives you fruits, but, at the same time, is beautiful to look at, flowers help (and a lot). Planting roses, planting tulips or planting jasmine, especially next to climbing walls, will add color and charm to your small garden vegetable garden.

4 types of plantings in the vegetable garden

Keep in mind what type of climate your vegetable garden will be in, i.e., do you live in cold climates, or in an area that stays fairly warm all year round? Depending on the answer, your garden will be suited to one type of planting or another. Your specialist gardening and orchard store will be able to advise you. But, broadly speaking, there is a type of sowing for the 4 seasons of the year: 

  1. In spring: sow cucumbers, beans, spinach, carrots, tomatoes, peppers, leeks, celery and onions, and if you like avocados learn how to plant an avocado and you will get to enjoy at home this fruit with so many benefits for your health. And we also advise you to plant sunflowers, a plant that will fill your garden with life in the garden with its vivid color and is also very resistant to pests and diseases.
  2. In summer: tomato, lettuce, zucchini, eggplant, cabbage, cucumber, bell pepper, watermelon, etc.
  3. In autumn: broccoli, pumpkin, lamb’s lettuce, cauliflower, parsnip, potato, turnip, etc.
  4. In winter: cabbage, broad beans, peas, endive, radishes, garlic, beets, chard and also carrots and beans, for example.

Easy (and decorative) tricks to ward off insects

Do you know how to make an orchard in the garden to prevent bugs from eating your fruits and vegetables? Adding insecticides? No! There is a natural, simple and effective formula that is also ultra-decorative: planting lavender next to your orchard. The scent of lavender keeps insects (except bees, bumblebees and butterflies, which are beneficial) away from your fruits. Planting geraniums will also help you keep insects away, while filling your garden with color.

Care for home gardens

How to make a vegetable garden at home that always bears good fruits? You must prevent the soil from running out. To do this, use the technique of crop rotation, that is, if one year you have put in a bed fruit vegetables such as tomatoes or peppers, which are very demanding plants with the substrate, the following year, change the bed and in the one that was bet to plant species that are less demanding, such as lettuce, so that the land rests, or species that enrich it, such as legumes. And, on the other hand, use mulch, which you can find in specialized gardening and orchard stores. Mulching prevents weeds from growing and, at the same time, retains soil moisture.

Now that you have learned how to make a vegetable garden in the garden, you just have to enjoy it because whoever has a vegetable garden in the garden, has a treasure full of life and health!

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